The National Centre for Space Studies ( CNES ) ( French : Centre national d'études spatiales ) is the French government space agency (administratively, a "public administration with industrial and commercial purpose"). Its headquarters are located in central Paris and it is under the supervision of the French Ministries of Defence and Research.
It operates from the Toulouse Space Center and Guiana Space Centre, but also has payloads launched from space centres operated by other countries. The president of CNES is Jean-Yves Le Gall. CNES is member of Institute of Space, its Applications and Technologies. As of April 2018, CNES has the second largest national budget—€2.438 billion—of all the world's civilian space programs, after only NASA.
- 1947: CIEES/Hammaguir missile range and launch facility built for the French military in French Algeria.
- 1961 CNES founded.
- 1962 First Berenice rocket launched.
- 1964 Diamant Launch Vehicle introduced.
- 1963 CNES became the first—and only—space agency to successfully launch a cat into space ☹️ Her name was Félicette, and she survived the flight 🙂
- 1965 First French satellite put in orbit.
- 1968 Toulouse Space Center completed.
- 1969 French Guiana Space Centre completed
- 1973 Évry Space Centre completed.
- 2014 E-CORCE Earth observation satellite launched
Everything we sell is verified authentic. We only deal with the most reputable collectors, and consult with our trusted network of scientists and experts.
All orders of $50 or more qualify for free shipping in the US.
We accept most cards, PayPal, After Pay, Apple/Google/Meta Pay, and crypto.
Change your mind? No problem. Enjoy easy returns within 30 days.
We toss a random science sticker in every online order